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whatever和no matter what的区别

2019-06-12 16:24:34文/叶丹

区别:引导名词性从句,只用whatever,不能用no matter what。引导状语从句,whatever和no matter what可换用。

whatever和no matter what的区别

whatever的用法

Whatever有两个用法,一是引导名词性从句(如主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句),二是用于引导让步状语从句。

1.用于引导名词性从句:Whatever she did was right.她做的一切都是对的。

2.用于引导让步状语从句:Whatever we said, he'd disagree.无论我们说什么,他都不同意。

no matter what的用法

No matter what只能引导让步状语从句(不能引导名词性从句),其意为“无论什么”。如:No matter what happened, he would not say a word.不管发生什么情况,他一句话都不肯讲。

Whatever与no matter what例题

It is generally considered unwise to give a child____he or she wants.

A.whatever B.no matter what C.whenever D.no matter when

此题应选A。容易误选B。选项C,D显然是错的,因为句中的wants缺宾语,而C,D两项不能作宾语。至于C,D的区别,可这样描述:no matter what只能引导状语从句,而不引导名词性从句。而whatever既可引导名词性从句(=anything that),也可引导状语从句(=no matter what):

1.引导名词性从句(只用whatever):

无论他做什么都是对的。

Whatever he did was right.

2.引导状语从句(两者可换用):

无论你说什么,我都不会相信你。

Whatever you say,I won't believe you.

No matter what you say,I won't believe you.

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