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2018全国3卷高考英语试题及答案【Word真题试卷】

2018-06-10 09:56:26文/叶丹

2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标III卷)

英语

注意事项:

1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

2.作答时,务必将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷及草稿纸上无效。

3.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5短对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:Howmuchistheshirt?

A.£19.15.B.£9.18.C.£9.15.

1.WhatdoesJohnfinddifficultinlearningGerman?

A.Pronunciation.B.Vocabulary.C.Grammar.

2.Whatistheprobablerelationshipbetweenthespeakers?

A.Colleagues.

B.Brotherandsister.

C.Teacherandstudent.

3.Wheredoestheconversationprobablytakeplace?

A.Inabank.B.Ataticketoffice.C.Onatrain.

4.Whatarethespeakerstalkingabout?

A.Arestaurant.B.Astreet.C.Adish.

5.Whatdoesthewomanthinkofherinterview?

A.Itwastough.B.Itwasinteresting.C.Itwassuccessful.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

6.WhenwillJudygotoaparty?

A.OnMonday.B.OnTuesday.C.OnWednesday.

7.WhatwillMaxdonext?

A.Flyakite.B.Readamagazine.C.Dohishomework.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

8.Whatdoesthemansuggestdoingatfirst?

A.Goingtoaconcert.

B.Watchingamovie.

C.Playingacomputergame.

9.Whatdothespeakersdecidetodo?

A.VisitMike.B.Goboating.C.Takeawalk.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10.Whichcolordocatsseebetterthanhumans?

A.Red.B.Green.C.Blue.

11.Whydocatsbringdeadbirdshome?

A.Toeattheminasafeplace.

B.Toshowofftheirhuntingskills.

C.Tomaketheirownershappy.

12.Howdoesthemansoundattheendoftheconversation?

A.Grateful.B.Humorous.C.Curious.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13.WhoisMacy?

A.Ed’smother.B.Ed’steacher.C.Ed’sfriend.

14.HowdoesEdusuallygotokindergarten?

A.Bycar.B.Onfoot.C.Bybus.

15.WhatdoesEdenjoydoingatthekindergarten?

A.Tellingstories.B.Singingsongs.C.Playingwithothers.

16.WhatdotheteacherssayaboutEd?

A.He’sclever.B.He’squiet.C.He’sbrave.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17.AtwhatagedidEmilystartlearningballet?

A.Five.B.Six.C.Nine.

18.WhydidEmilymovetoToronto?

A.Toworkforadanceschool.

B.Toperformatadancetheater.

C.Tolearncontemporarydance.

19.WhydidEmilyquitdancing?

A.Shewastoooldtodance.

B.Shefailedtogetascholarship.

C.Shelostinterestinit.

20.HowdoesEmilyfeelaboutstoppingtraining?

A.She’spleased.B.She’sregretful.C.She’supset

第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

WelcometoHolkerHa

IMG_256

ll&Gardens

VisitorInformation

HowtoGettoHolker

ByCar:FollowbrownsignsanA590fromJB6,M6.Approximaletraveltimes:Windermere-20minutes,Kendal-25minutes,Lancaster-45minutes,Manchester-Ihour30minutes.

ByRail:Theneareststati

IMG_257

onisCark-in-CartmelwithtrainstoCarnforth,LancasterPrestonforconnectionstomajorcities&airports.

OpeningTimes

Sunday-Friday(closedonSaturday)11:00am-4:00pm,30March-2ndNovember.

AdmissionCharges

Hall&GardensGardens

Adults:£12.00£8.00

Groups£9£5.5

Producers:Market13thApril

Joinustotasteavarietyoffreshlocalfoodanddrinks.Meettheproducersandgetsomeexcellentrecipeideas.

HolkerGardenFestival30thMay

Theeventcelebrateits22ndanniversarywithagreatshowoftheverybestofgardening,makingitoneofthemostpopulareventsingardening.

NationalGardenDay28thAugust

Holkeronceagainopensisgardensinaidofthedisadvantaged.Forjustasmalldonationyoucantakeatourwithourgardenguide.

WinterMarket8thNovember

Thisisaneventforallthefamily.Wanderamongavarietyofshopssellinggifswhileenjoyingalivemusicshowa

IMG_258

ndnicestreetentertainment.

21.HowlongdoesitprobablytakeatouristtodrivetoHolkerfromManchester?

A.20minutes.B.25minutes.C.45minutes.D.90minutes.

22.HowmuchshouldamemberofatourgrouppaytovisittoHall&Cardens?

A.£l2.00.B.B.19.00.C.A8.0D.45.50

23.Whicheventwillyougotoifyouwanttoseealivemusicshow?

A.Producers'Market.B.HolkerGardenFestival.

C.NationalGardenDay.D.WinterMarket.

B[来

Citiesusuallyhaveagoodreasonforbeingwheretheyare,likeanearbyportorriver.Peoplesettleintheseplacesbecausetheyareeasytogettoandnaturallysuitedtocommunicationsandtrade.NewYorkCity,forexample,isnearalargeharbouratthemouthoftheHudsonRiver.Over300yearsitspopulationgrewgraduallyfrom800peopleto8million.Butnotallcitiesdevelopslowlyoveralongperiodoftime.Boomtownsgrowfromnothingalmostovernight.In1896,Dawson,Canada,wasunmappedwilderness(荒野).Butgoldwasdiscoveredtherein1897,andtwoyearslater,itwasoneofthelargestcitiesintheWest,withapopulationof30,000.

DawsondidnothaveanyofthenaturalconveniencesofcitieslikeLondonorParis.Peoplewentthereforgold.Theytravelledoversnow-coveredmountainsandsailedhundredsofmilesupicyrivers.ThepathtoDawsonwascoveredwiththirty

IMG_259

feetofwetsnowthatcouldfallwithoutwarming.Anavalanche(雪崩)onceclosedthepath,killing63people.FormanywhomadeittoDawson,however,therewardswereworththedifficulttrip.Ofthefirst20,000peoplewhodugforgold,4,000gotrich.About100ofthesestayedrichmenfortherestoftheirlives.

Butnomatterhowrichtheywere,Dawsonwasnevercomfortable .Necessitieslikefoodandwoodwereveryexpensive.Butsoon,thegoldthatDawsondependedonhadallbeenfound.Thecitywascrowdedwithdisappointedpeoplewithnointerestinsettlingdown,andwhentheyheardtherewerenewgolddiscoveriesinAlaska,theyleftDawsonCityasquicklyastheyhadcome.Today,peoplestillcomeandgo—toseewheretheCanadiangoldrushhappened.TourismisnowthechiefindustryofDawsonCity—itspresentpopulationis762.

24.WhatattractedtheearlysettlerstoNewYorkCity?

A.Itsbusinessculture.

B.Itssmallpopulation.

C.Itsgeographicalposition.

D.Itsfavourableclimate.

25.WhatdoweknowaboutthosewhofirstdugforgoldinDawson?

A.Two-thirdsofthemstayedthere.

B.Oneoutoffivepeoplegotrich.

C.Almosteveryonegaveup.

D.Halfofthemdied.

26.WhatwasthemainreasonformanypeopletoleaveDawson?

A.Theyfoundthecitytoocrowded.

B.Theywantedtotrytheirluckelsewhere.

C.Theywereunabletostandthewinter.

D.Theywereshortoffood.

27.Whatisthetextmainlyabout?

A.Theriseandfallofacity.

B.ThegoldrushinCanada.

C.Journeysintothewilderness.

D.TourisminDawson.

C

WhilefamousforeignarchitectsareinvitedtoleadthedesignsoflandmarkbuildingsinChinasuchasthenewCCTVtowerandtheNationalCenterforthePerformingArts,manyexcellentChinesearchitectsaremakinggreateffortstotakethecenterstage.

Theireffortshavebeenprovenfruitful.WangShu,a49-year-oldChinesearchitect,wonthe2012Prit

kerArchitecturePrize—whichisoftenreferredtoastheNobelPrizeinarchitecture—onFebruary28.HeisthefirstChinesecitizentowinthisaward.

WangservesasheadoftheArchitectureDepartmentattheChinaAcademyofArt(CAA).HisofficeislocatedattheXiangshancampus(校园)oftheuniversityinHangzhou,ZhejiangProvince.Manybuildingsonthecampusarehisoriginalcreations.

ThestyleofthecampusisquitedifferentfromthatofmostChineseuniversities.Manyvisitorswereamazedbythecomplexarchitecturalspaceandabundantbuildingtypes.Thecurves(曲线)ofthebuildingsperfectlymatchtheriseandfallofhills,formingauniqueview.

Wangcollectedmorethan7millionabandonedbricksofdifferentages.Heaskedtheworkerstousetraditionaltechniquestomakethebricksintowalls,roofsandcorridors.ThiscreationattractedalotofattentionthankstoitsmixtureofmodernandtraditionalChineseelements(元素).

Wang’sworksshowadeepunderstandingofmodernarchitectureandagoodknowledgeoftraditions.Throughsuchabalance,hehadcreatedanewtypeofChinesearchitecture,saidTadaoAndo,thewinnerofthe1995PritzkerPrize.

Wangbelievestraditionsshouldnotbesealedinglassboxesatmuseums."Thatisonlyevidencethattraditionsonceexisted,"hesaid.

"ManyChinesepeoplehaveamisunderstandingoftraditions.Theythinktraditionmeansoldthingsfromthepast.Infact,traditionalsoreferstothethingsthathavebeendevelopingandthatarestillbeingcreated,"hesaid.

"Today,manyChinesepeoplearelearningWesternstylesandtheoriesratherthanfocusingonChinesetraditions.Manypeopletendtotalkabouttraditionswithoutknowingwhattheyreallyare,"saidWang.[

Thestudyoftraditionsshouldbecombinedwithpractice.Otherwise,therecreationoftraditionswouldbeartificialandempty,hesaid.

28.Wang’swinningoftheprizemeansthatChinesearchitectsare___________.

A.followingthelatestworldtrend

B.gettinginternationalrecognition

C.workingharderthaneverbefore

D.relyingonforeignarchitects

29.WhatimpressedvisitorstotheCAAXiangshancampusmost?

A.Itshillyenvironment.B.Itslargesize.

C.Itsuniquestyle.D.Itsdiversefunctions.

30.WhatmadeWang’sarchitecturaldesignasuccess?

A.Themixtureofdifferentshapes.[

B.ThebalanceofEastandWest.

C.Theuseofpopulartechniques.

D.Theharmonyofoldandnew.

31.WhatshouldwedoaboutChinesetraditionsaccordingtoWang?

A.Spreadthemtotheworld.B.Preservethematmuseums.

C.Teachtheminuniversities.D.Recreatetheminpractice.

D

Adultsunderstandwhatitfeelsliketobefloodedwithobjects.Whydoweoftenassumethatmoreismorewhenitcomestokidsandtheirbelongings?ThegoodnewsisthatIcanhelpmyownkidslearnearlierthanIdidhowtolivemorewithless.

Ifoundthepre-holidaysagoodtimetoencourageyoungchildrentodonateless-usedthings,anditworked.Becauseofourefforts,ourdaughterGeorgiadiddecidetodonatealargebagoftoystoalittlegirlwhosemotherwasunabletopayforherholidayduetoillness.Shechosetosellafewlargerobjectsthatwerelessoftenusedwhenwepromisedtoputthemoneyintoherschoolfund(基金)(ourkindergartendaughterisseriousaboutbecomingadoctor)

Forweeks,I'vebeenthinkingofbigger,deeperquestions:Howdowemakeitahabitfor

them?Andhowdowetrainourselvestohelpthemlivewith,need,anduseless?Yesterday,I

satwithmyson,Shepherd,determinedtotestmyowntheoryonthis.Idecidedtoplaywith

himwithonlyonetoyforaslongasitwouldkeephisinterest.Iexpectedthatonetoywould

keephisattentionforaboutfiveminutes,tenminutes,max.Ichosearedrubberball-simple,

universallyavailable.Wepassedit,hetriedtoputitinhismouth,hetriedbouncingit,rolling

it,sittingonit,throwingit.Itwastotally,completelyenoughforhim.BeforeIknewitan

hourhadpassedanditwastimetomoveontolunch.

Webothbecameabsorbedinthesimplicityofplayingtogether.Hehadmyfullattention

andIhadhis.Mylittleexperimenttofindjoyinasingleobjectworkedforbothofus.

32.Whatdothewords“moreismore”inparagraph1probablymean?

A.Themore,thebetter.B.Enoughisenough.

C.Moremoney,moreworries.D.Earnmoreandspendmore.

33.WhatmadeGeorgiaagreetosellsomeofherobjects?

A.SavingupforherholidayB.Raisingmoneyforapoorgirl

B.AddingthemoneytoherfundD.Givingthemoneytoasickmother

34.WhydidtheauthorplaytheballwithShepherd?

A.Totryoutanidea

B.Toshowaparent'slove

C.Totrainhisattention

D.Tohelphimstartahobby

35.Whatcanbeasuitable titleforthetext?

A.TakeItorLeaveItB.ALessonfromKids

C.LiveMorewithLessD.ThePleasureofGiving

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Beforetherewasthewrittenword,therewasthelanguageofdance.Danceexpressesloveandhate,joyandsorrow,lifeanddeath,andeverything

IMG_260

elseinbetween.

36WedancefromFloridatoAlaska,fromnorthtosouthandseatosea.Wedanceatweddings,birthdays,officepartiesandjusttofillthetime.

“Iadoredancing,”saysLesterBridges,theownerofadancestudioinIowa.“Ican'timaginedoinganythingelsewithmylife."Bridgesrunsdanceclassesforallages."Teachingdanceiswonderful.37It'sgreattowatchthem.Formanyofthem,it'sawayofmeetingpeopleandhavingasociallife."

38"Icantellyouaboutoneyoungcouple,"saysBridges.“They'relearningtodotraditionaldances.Theyarriveattheclassinlowspiritsandtheyleavewithasmile.39”

So,dowedanceinordertomakeourselvesfeelbetter,calmer,healthier?AndreaHilliersays,“Dance,likethepatternofabeatingheart,islife.Evenafteralltheseyears,Iwanttogetbetterandbetter.40Ifindithardtostop!DancingremindsmeI'malive."

A.Sowhydowedance?

B.DanceintheU.S.iseverywhere.

C.Ifyoulikedancingoutdo

IMG_261

ors,cometoAmerica.

D.Myolderstudentssayitmakesthemfeelyoung.

E.IkeeppracticingevenWhenI'm

IMG_262

extremelytired.

F.Dancingseemstochangetheirfeelingcompletely.

G.Theystayedupallnightlongsinginganddancing.

第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Whenmostofusgetatextmessageonourcellphonefromanunknownperson,weusuallysay"sorry,

41number!"andmoveon.ButwhenDennisWilliams42atextthatclearlywasn’tintendedforhim,hedidsomething43.

OnMarch19,Dennisgotagrouptext44himthatacouplehedidn’tknowwereatthehospital,waitingforthe45ofababy.

"Congratulations!ButIthinksomeonewasmistaken,"Dennis46.Thebabywasbornandupdatetextswere47quicklyfromtheoverjoyedgrandmother,Teresa.Inher48,shedidn’tseemtorealizethatshewas49thebaby’sphotoswithacompletestranger."Well,Idon’t50youallbutIwillgettheretotakepictureswiththebaby,"repliedDennisbeforeaskingwhichroomthenew51werein.

Muchtothefamily’ssurprise,Dennisstucktohis52!Heturnedupatthehospital53giftsforthenewmotherLindseyandherbabyboy.Lindsey’shusbandwastotally54bytheunexpectedvisit."Idon’tthinkwewouldhaverandomlyinvitedhimoverbutwe55itandthegifts."

Teresa56aphotoofthechancemeetingonasocialnetworkingwebsite57bythetouchingwords:"Whata58thisyoungmanwastoourfamily!Hewasso59andkindtodothis."Theposthassincegainedthe60ofsocialmediausersallovertheworld,receivingmorethan184,000sharesand61,500likesinjustthreedays.

41.A.unluckyB.secretC.newD.wrong

42.A.receivedB.translatedC.copiedD.printed

43.A.reasonableB.specialC.necessaryD.practical

44.A.convincingB.remindingC.informingD.warning

45.A.wake-upB.recoveryC.growthD.arrival

46.A.respondedB.interruptedC.predictedD.repeated

47.A.cominginB.settingoutC.passingdownD.movingaround

48.A.opinionB.anxietyC.excitementD.effort

49.A.comparingB.exchangingC.discussingD.sharing

50.A.acceptB.knowC.believeD.bother

51.A.parentsB.doctorsC.patientsD.visitors

52.A.dreamB.promiseC.agendaD.principle

53.A.bearingB.collectingC.openingD.making

54.A.discourag

IMG_263

edB.relaxedC.astonishedD.defeated

55.A.admitB.needC.appreciateD.expect

56.A.foundB.selectedC.developedD.posted

57.A.confirmedB.simplifiedC.clarifiedD.accompanied

58

IMG_264

.A.pityB.blessingC.reliefD.problem

59.A.smartB.calmC.sweetD.fair

60.A.sympathyB.attentionC.controlD.trust

IMG_265

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

I'mnotsure6

IMG_266

1ismorefrightened,meorthefemalegorilla(大猩猩)thatsuddenlyappearsoutofnowhere.I'mwalkingonapathintheforestintheCentralAfricanRepublic.Unexpectedly,I'mface-to-facewiththegorilla,whobeginsscreamingat62topofherlungs.Thatmakesherbabyscream,andthena400-poundmaleappears.Hescreamsthe

63(loud)ofall.Thenoiseshakesthetreesas

IMG_267

themalebeatshischestandchargestowardme.Iquicklylowermyself,

IMG_268

duckingmyheadtoavoid64(look)directlyintohiseyessohedoesn'tfeel65(challenge).

MynameisMireyaMayor.I'ma66(science)whostudiesanimalssuchasapesandmonkeys.Iwassearching67thesethreewesternlowlandgorillasI'dbeenobserving.Noonehadseenthemforhours,andmycolleaguesandIwereworried.

WhenthegorillasandIfrightenedeachother,Iwasjustgladtofind68(they)alive.Truetoagorilla'sunaggressivenature,thehugeanimal69(mean)menorealharm.Hewasjustsaying:"I'mkingofthisforest,andhereisyourreminder!"Oncehismessagewasdelivered,heallowedme70(stay)andwatch.

第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文,文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删改或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

ItwasMondaymorning,andthewritingclasshadjustbegin.Everyonewassilent,waittoseewhowouldbecalledupontoreadhisandherparagraphaloud.Someofuswereconfidentandeagertakepartintheclassactivity,otherswerenervousandanxious.IhaddonemyselfhomeworkbutIwasshy.Iwasafraidthattospeakinfrontofalargergroupofpeople.Atthatmoment,Irememberedthatmyfatheroncesaid,"Theclassroomisaplaceforlearningandthatincludeleaningfromtextbooks,andmistakeaswell."Immediate,Iraisedmyhand.[来源

第二节书面表达(满分25分)

假定你是李华,你的英国朋友Peter来信询问你校学生体育运动情况。请给他回信,内容包括:

1.学校的体育场馆;

2.主要的运动项目;

3.你喜欢的项目。

注意:

1.词数100左右:

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

英语试题参考答案

第一部分听力

1.C2.A3.B4.A5.C6.B7.B8.A9.C10.C

11.A12.B13.A14.B15.C16.A17.B18.C19.C20.A

第三部分 阅读理解

21.D22.B23.D24.C25.B26.B27.A28.B29.C30.D

31.D32.A33.C34.A35.C

36.B37.D38.A39.F40.E

第三部分 语言知识运用

第一节完形填空

41—45DABCD46—50AACDB51—55ABACC56—60DDBCB

第二节

61.which62.the63.loudest64.looking65.challenged

66.scientist67.for68.them69.meant70.tostay

第四部分写作

第一节短文改错

第二节书面表达答案

DearPeter,

Iamexceedinglydelightedtohearfromyou.Youaskedmeinyourlastletteraboutthephysicalexerciseinourschoolandthefollowinginformationmaygiveyouaroughsketch.

Tobeginwith,afabulousnewstadiumhasbeenbuiltup,whichhasbecomethenewlandmarkinourschool.Moreover,withthestadiumsetup,awiderangeofsportseventsareabletobeheld,ofwhichping-pong,footballaswellasrunningcompetitionsenjoygreatpopularity.

IMG_279

Asforme,I’mintoxicatedwithbasketballsinceithasbeengivingmestren

IMG_280

gthtoconfrontthechallengesinmylife.

Allinall,Isincerelyinviteyoutocometoourschoolandseeforyourself.

Yours,

LiHua

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